New Vishwanath Temple (BHU)
The new Vishwanath Temple or the Birla Temple is among the main attractions in the Varanasi city. This temple dedicated to Lord Shiva is located inside the Banaras Hindu University, another landmark in the city. Possessing the tallest temple tower in the world, this temple has a grand view even from a distance. The old Shri Kashi Vishwanath Temple was time and again reconstructed mainly by Muslim rulers. History witnessed this temple being destroyed in 1194 by Qutb-ud-din Aibak, by Hussain Shah Sharqi between 1447-1458 and by Aurangzeb in 1669 CE. It is in the year 1930s that Pandit Madan Mohan Malviya thought of making a replica of the old Shri Kashi Vishwanath Temple in the university campus. Thus, the construction of the new temple was undertaken and started by the Birla family in 1931, and it was completed in 1966. 77 meters high, temples mostly made with marble. Although the main deity in this temple is Lord Shiva, there are other gods and goddesses worshiped here. There are nine temples within one temple, and walls of this temple are designed with illustrations of extracts from sacred Hindu scriptures.